North Macedonia

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Bridge by the sea in North Macedonia

North Macedonia, officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a landlocked country in Southeast Europe. Its terrain is mostly rugged, located between the Šar Mountains and Osogovo, which frame the valley of the Vardar River. Three large lakes - Lake Ohrid, Lake Prespa, and Dojran Lake - lie on the southern borders, bisected by the frontiers with Albania and Greece. Ohrid is considered one of the world's oldest lakes and biotopes.

North Macedonia shares land borders with Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. North Macedonia has a total area of 25,713 km2 (9,928 sq mi) with a population of about 1.8 million. It is the thirty-eighth-most populous country in Europe.

North Macedonia has 1,100 significant water sources, including the Binačka Morava River, which flows in southeastern Kosovo and North Macedonia. To create the South Morava River, it flows from the Macedonian border to Bujanovac, where it meets the Preševska Moravica River. The Southern Morava joins the Western Morava becoming the Great Morava River which flows into the Danube.