Implementation of the EU Floods Directive

The Directive required Member States to first carry out a preliminary flood risk assessment by 2011 to identify areas at risk of flooding. For such areas they would then need to draw up flood risk maps by 2013 and establish flood risk management plans focused on prevention, protection and preparedness by 2015. The Directive applies to inland waters as well as all coastal waters across the whole territory of the EU.

The Directive shall be carried out in coordination with the Water Framework Directive, notably by flood risk management plans and river basin management plans being coordinated, and through coordination of the public participation procedures in the preparation of these plans. All assessments, maps and plans prepared shall be made available to the public.

Member States shall furthermore coordinate their flood risk management practices in shared river basins, including with third counties, and shall in solidarity not undertake measures that would increase the flood risk in neighbouring countries. Member States shall take into consideration long term developments, including climate change, as well as sustainable land use practices in the flood risk management cycle addressed in this Directive.


The implementation of the Floods Directive in the Danube River Basin District can be looked upon as a follow-up to the activities which were carried outunder the ICPDR Action Programme on Sustainable Flood Protection in the Danube River Basin. At the ICPDR Ministerial Meeting in 2010 the Danube Declaration was adopted in which the Danube Ministers reaffirmed conviction that flood prevention and protection are not short term tasks but permanent tasks of highest priority. The countries committed themselves to make all efforts to implement the EU Floods Directive throughout the whole Danube River Basin and to develop one single international Flood Risk Management Plan or a set of flood risk management plans, based upon the ICPDR Action Programme for Sustainable Flood Protection and the sub-basin plans, coordinated at the level of the international river basin district by 2015 making full use of the existing synergies with the Danube River Basin Management Plan.

Preliminary Flood Risk Assessment

The first milestone in the FD implementation at the basin-wide level is undertaking a preliminary flood risk assessment (PFRA) in accordance with the FD Article 4 and identification of those areas for which it has been concluded that potential significant flood risks exist or might be considered likely to occur (so called Areas of Potential Significant Flood Risk (APSFR)) in accordance with the FD Article 5. The PFRA was completed by December 2011 and made available to the European Commission by March 2012.

Flood Hazard and Risk Maps

According to Floods Directive, the Member States shall, at the level of the river basin district, or unit of management, prepare flood hazard maps and flood risk maps, at the most appropriate scale for the areas identified under Article 5(1). The preparation of flood hazard maps and flood risk maps for areas identified under Article 5 which are shared with other Member States shall be subject to prior exchange of information between the Member States concerned.

The ICPDR has prepared the following flood risk and flood hazard maps at the level of the international river basin district (level A): (i) map of hazard and flooding scenarios; (ii) map on risk and population; (iii) map on risk and economic activity; (iv) map on risk and IPPC installations and (v) two maps on WFD protected areas. The description of level A maps and overview of flood mapping at the national level is provided in the Summary Report on implementation of Article 6 of the European Floods Directive in the Danube River Basin District.


The development of the 1st DFRM Plan was supported by the EU Grant LIFE 2014 "Support for the development of the 2nd DRBM and 1st DFRM Plan".



  • » Public Participation
    The ICPDR supports the active involvement of stakeholders and civil society on all levels of its work. This is pursued through observer organisations, as well as through public consultation activities for the development of management plans. To ensure a high level of public information, educational and outreach initiatives support the public participation work of the ICPDR.

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